Public Health England
Public Health England
Public Health England (PHE) is an executive agency of the Department of Health which is the expert national public health agency which fulfils the Secretary of State for Health’s statutory duty to protect health and address inequalities, and executes his power to promote the health and wellbeing of the nation.
It was established on 1 April 2013 to bring together public health specialists from more than 70 organisations into a single public health service, which has a mission to protect and improve the nation’s health and to address inequalities.
PHE has operational autonomy from the Department of Health and has an Advisory Board with a non-executive Chairman and non-executive members.
It works transparently, proactively providing government, local government, the NHS, MPs, industry, public health professionals and the public with evidence-based professional, scientific and delivery expertise and advice.
PHE ensures there are effective arrangements in place nationally and locally for preparing, planning and responding to health protection concerns and emergencies, including the future impact of climate change. PHE provides specialist health protection, epidemiology and microbiology services across England.
Upper tier and unitary local authority have a legal duty to improve the public’s health and local Health and Wellbeing Boards bring together key local partners (including NHS clinical commissioning groups who have a duty to address health inequalities) to agree local priorities. PHE supports local authorities, and through them clinical commissioning groups, by providing evidence and knowledge on local health needs, alongside practical and professional advice on what to do to improve health, and by taking action nationally where it makes sense to do so. PHE in turn is the public health adviser to NHS England.
PHE works in partnership with the Chief Medical Officer for England and with colleagues in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland to protect and improve the public’s health, as well as internationally through a wide-ranging global health programme.
PHE is responsible for:
- making the public healthier by encouraging discussions, advising government and supporting action by local government, the NHS and other people and organisations;
- supporting the public so they can protect and improve their own health;
- protecting the nation’s health through the national health protection service, and preparing for public health emergencies;
- sharing our information and expertise with local authorities, industry and the NHS, to help them make improvements in the public’s health;
- researching, collecting and analysing data to improve our understanding of health and come up with answers to public health problems;
- reporting on improvements in the public’s health so everyone can understand the challenge and the next steps; and
- helping local authorities and the NHS to develop the public health system and its specialist workforce.
PHE employs 5,500 staff, mostly scientists, researchers and public health professionals. They have 15 local centres and 4 regions (north of England, south of England, Midlands and east of England, and London).
PHE and community pharmacy
PHE’s work has a significant impact on community pharmacy, as the policies and guidance created by the organisation will impact on the way public health services are developed and commissioned from community pharmacies and other providers. For example, PHE leads on the development and rollout of the NHS Health Check programme which is commissioned by local authorities and is a service provided by a great many pharmacies.
PHE also manages a range of national social marketing programmes which community pharmacies are frequently involved in, such as stop smoking campaigns like Stoptober and Quit Kits, and the Be Clear on Cancer early diagnosis campaigns.
Pharmacy and Public Health Forum
The Pharmacy and Public Health Forum was established in 2011 to bring together pharmacy and public health interests and to lead on developing, implementing and evaluating public health practice for pharmacy, taking into account both the Government’s and local public health priorities. The Forum originally reported to the Department of Health, but it now reports to Public Health England, although it retains a direct dialogue with Ministers.
The Forum has been working on a range of key issues for community pharmacy, with six Task Groups taking forward different streams of work:
Task Group 1 is supporting the roll out of Healthy Living Pharmacies (HLPs).
Task Group 2 developed professional standards for public health practice for pharmacists.
Task Group 3 looked at consolidating and developing the evidence-base and research for pharmacy’s contribution to public health. A literature review has been completed and funds have been secured to do further work looking at community pharmacy and the changing commissioning structures.
Community Pharmacy and Public Health – evidence base review (published January 2014)
Task Group 4 identified how and where community pharmacy sits within the new system architecture for the NHS, public health and social care. A report was published by the NHS Confederation on behalf of the Forum in October 2013.
Task Group 5 has started to consider the workforce and training implications of the recommendations from groups 1-4.
Task Group 6 deals with internal finance to make the Forum and its work sustainable in the future.
More details are available on the Forum’s webpage.
For more information visit the Public Health England website.
PSNC Briefing 048/15: Public Health England’s annual plan 2015/16 (August 2015)
PHE has published its annual plan Who we are and what we do: annual plan for 2015 to 2016. The plan sets out the core functions of PHE and outlines key steps and actions for the forthcoming year. This PSNC Briefing summarises the elements of the plan that are of most relevance to community pharmacy.
PSNC Briefing 024/14: Public Health England’s business plan 2014-15 (October 2014)
In June 2014, PHE published their business plan for the forthcoming year – Who we are and what we do: Our business plan for 2014/15. The business plan sets out the organisation’s core functions, some of the organisation’s achievements in 2013-14 and an outline of their proposed actions for the forthcoming year to protect and improve the public’s health and reduce inequalities. This PSNC Briefing summarises the elements of the plan that are of most relevance to community pharmacy.