Essential facts, stats and quotes relating to hypertension
Published on: 17th August 2015 | Updated on: 28th March 2022
This page contains facts, stats and quotes that LPC members may find useful when writing business cases or developing resources to support the commissioning of a hypertension service.
This page is ‘work in progress’ and will continue to be updated with new facts, stats and quotes.
Facts, stats and quotes on other topics can be accessed on the Essential facts, stats and quotes page.
- Over 24% of people in England are estimated to have high blood pressure.
- High blood pressure is one of the leading causes of premature death and disability in England, according to the Global Burden of Disease study.
- High blood pressure costs the NHS an estimated £2 billion, while social care and productivity costs are likely to be much higher.
- Every 10mmHg reduction in systolic blood pressure reduces the risk of major cardiovascular events by 20%.
- For every ten people diagnosed with high blood pressure, seven remain undiagnosed and untreated – this is more than 5.5 million people in England.
- One in three people with diagnosed high blood pressure are not treated to target.
- At present only four in ten of all adults with high blood pressure are both aware of their condition and managing it to the levels recommended.
- People from the most deprived areas are 30% more likely than the least deprived to have high blood pressure, and the condition disproportionately affects some ethnic groups including black Africans and Caribbean.
- More than a quarter of adults in England have hypertension. It is the most common long term condition and second biggest risk factor (after smoking) for premature death and disability in this country.
- New estimates suggest the annual burden to the NHS in England from conditions attributable to high blood pressure is over £2 billion (including stroke, coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease and dementia).
- High blood pressure costs the economy much beyond this indeed – from clinical time and medication costs of managing high blood pressure as a condition in its own right, to the impacts on social care and the wider economy.
- In 10 years, 45,000 years of life could be saved and £850 million not spent on related health and social care if a reduction in the average population blood pressure can be achieved.
- In ten years, 7,000 years of life could be saved and £120 million not spent on related health and social care if an improvement in the diagnosis of high blood pressure can be achieved.
- In ten years, 7,000 years of life could be saved and £120 million not spent on related health and social care if (via lifestyle and/or drug therapy) better control of blood pressure levels among those on treatment can be achieved.
- General practice and community pharmacy could work together on the management of the chronic disease with the greatest prevalence in the UK: hypertension.
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