Antibiotic resistance

Antibiotic resistance

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the biggest threats to public health with latest data confirming that across the European Union the number of patients infected by resistant bacteria is increasing and that antibiotic resistance is a major threat. It is therefore vital that awareness of this issue is raised and that antibiotics are used in a prudent manner to help slow down resistance and keep antibiotics effective for the use of future generations.

To raise awareness among health professionals and the public of AMR and appropriate prescribing, a European Antibiotic Awareness Day (EAAD) has been running each November since 2008. In 2014, the UK’s Antibiotic Guardian campaign was launched and in 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) to increase awareness around the world. 

Antibiotic Guardian campaign

Antibiotic Guardian is a UK-wide campaign which aims to improve behaviours around antibiotic prescribing and use by increasing knowledge about antibiotic use. The campaign supports the UK 5-year action plan for antimicrobial resistance 2019 to 2024, which builds upon the achievements of the previous 5-year action plan as it sets out to contain and control AMR.

The campaign, which takes a One Health approach, calls on everyone in the UK (the public, animal and human healthcare communities) to become Antibiotic Guardians by choosing one simple pledge about how they will make better use of these vital medicines.

PHE has produced resources to support local and social media campaigns, which are available to download from GOV.UK.

Antibiotic Guardian roadshows

To ensure that the information and knowledge on Antibiotic Stewardship and Infection Prevention and Control are disseminated to those organisations and individuals practising healthcare across the nation, PHE run educational workshops to provide guidance, resources and information for practitioners on topics associated with antibiotic awareness.

These events give the opportunity to understand how you and your organisation could support combat the global challenge faced by antibiotic resistance whilst gaining advice, support and resources to inform patients and staff.

WAAW and EAAD: letters to NHS, universities and professional organisations

PHE has written to various organisations about EAAD, WAAW and the Antibiotic Campaign.

Resources for local and social media campaign

PHE has created a number of resources to support local and social media campaigns including:

  • key messages on antibiotic use – guidance on how to use antibiotics responsibly for patients, animal keepers and pet owners. PHE has also produced a short video to help explain the problem of antibiotic resistance;
  • resources toolkit for healthcare professionals in England – provides guidance on how to use antibiotic awareness resources to support the Antibiotic Guardian campaign and local initiatives;
  • quizzes and crosswords – downloadable documents on antibiotic resistance, which can be used by the public and healthcare professionals;
  • posters and leaflets – downloadable materials to support antibiotic awareness campaigns in the UK;
  • treating your infection leaflets – downloadable leaflets to be shared with patients by out of hour prescribers and community pharmacists during consultations advising on infection self-care;
  • Antibiotic Guardian email signature – Guidance on how to add this can be found in the resources toolkit (page 56); and
  • Pack of infographics – to tell the story of who is prescribing antibiotics, how many and what type of antibiotics are being prescribed, and how to encourage responsible use of the drugs.

Resources for Keep Antibiotics Working are also available to print or order from PHE and include posters, leaflets, and press adverts. Full details of the items that are available are available on the Public Health England Campaign Resources website.

Social media

The blog ‘10 reasons you should be worried about antibiotic resistance can also be shared in this way.

Example social media messages for the campaign can also be found in the Resources toolkit (page 26-29).


If you use Twitter to promote the campaign, remember to use the #AntibioticGuardian hashtag and the #KeepAntibioticsWorking hashtag.

If you are on Twitter and are an Antibiotic Guardian you can also add a Twibbon to your profile picture to show your support for the campaign. 

Continuing Professional Development (CPD)


In 2014, the Centre for Pharmacy Postgraduate Education (CPPE) ran a ‘Use antibacterials wisely’ campaign, which was recreated into a leaflet for 2015/16 outlining some challenges to increase awareness of antibacterial resistance.

Distance learning

The CPPE distance learning programme ‘Antibacterial resistance – a global threat to public health’ is also available and can be downloaded as a PDF.

Online learning

  • CPPE offers a wide range of learning activities to support pharmacy professionals engage with their role in antimicrobial stewardship.
  • The e-learning programme Reducing Antimicrobial Resistance: An Introduction provides an overview of how to tackle AMR, key facts about AMR and describes the important role everyone working in a health and social care environment has in tackling it.
  • PHE and the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC) have worked with primary care colleagues to develop a series of seven free TARGET antibiotics webinars. Originally hosted as live webinars, these learning modules are now available as un-facilitated learning courses, each containing presentations, recorded panel discussions and a host of referenced material and learning resources.
  • There is also a TARGET antibiotics toolkit, which is aimed at primary care colleagues. The toolkit includes training resources as well as information leaflets to provide to patients.
  • Future Learn has a free six-week online course on Antimicrobial Stewardship: Managing Antibiotic Resistance.

Other resources

Other CPD resources on antimicrobial prescribing can be found on the GOV.UK website. 

Related resources

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